Caterpillar Reports Third-Quarter 2018 Results

October 23, 2018 at 7:30 AM EDT
Record Third-Quarter Profit Per Share Driven by Higher Sales and Strong Operational Performance

DEERFIELD, Ill., Oct. 23, 2018 /PRNewswire/ --


Third Quarter

($ in billions except profit per share)

2018

2017

Sales and Revenues

$13.5

$11.4

Profit Per Share

$2.88

$1.77

Adjusted Profit Per Share

$2.86

$1.95

 

 

  • Third-quarter sales and revenues up 18 percent
  • Best third-quarter profit per share in company history
  • Contributed $1 billion to pension plans; repurchased $750 million of shares; paid $511 million in dividends
  • Profit per share outlook $10.65 to $11.65; maintained adjusted profit per share outlook at $11.00 to $12.00

Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE: CAT) today announced third-quarter 2018 sales and revenues of $13.5 billion, compared with $11.4 billion in the third quarter of 2017, an 18 percent increase. Third-quarter 2018 profit per share of $2.88 was a third-quarter record. Profit per share was $1.77 in the third quarter of 2017. Excluding restructuring costs and a net tax benefit to adjust deferred tax balances, adjusted profit per share in the third quarter of 2018 was $2.86, compared with third-quarter 2017 adjusted profit per share of $1.95.

During the third quarter of 2018, Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) operating cash flow was $848 million. In the quarter, the company deployed significant capital, including a discretionary pension contribution of $1.0 billion, the repurchase of $750 million of Caterpillar common stock and a dividend payment of $511 million. The enterprise cash balance at the end of the third quarter of 2018 was $8.0 billion.

"This was the best third-quarter profit per share in our company's history," said Caterpillar CEO Jim Umpleby. "Our global team continues to do excellent work focusing on our customers' success and executing our strategy for profitable growth."

2018 Outlook

The company's 2018 profit per share outlook is a range of $10.65 to $11.65. The company is maintaining the adjusted profit per share outlook range of $11.00 to $12.00. The current profit per share outlook now includes a net tax benefit of $95 million that was recorded in the third quarter of 2018 to adjust deferred tax balances. The outlook for adjusted profit per share excludes restructuring costs of about $400 million and the net tax benefit.

Most end markets continue to improve. Order rates and backlog remain healthy. In the fourth quarter, price realization, operational excellence and cost discipline are expected to more than offset higher material and freight costs, including tariffs.

The outlook does not include a mark-to-market gain or loss for remeasurement of pension and other postemployment benefit (OPEB) plans and any additional changes to provisional estimates recorded in 2017 for U.S. tax reform.

Notes:

  • Glossary of terms is included on pages 11-12; first occurrence of terms shown in bold italics.
  • Information on non-GAAP financial measures is included on page 13.
  • Caterpillar will conduct a teleconference and live webcast, with a slide presentation, beginning at 10 a.m. Central Time on Tuesday, October 23, 2018, to discuss its 2018 third-quarter financial results. The accompanying slides will be available before the webcast on the Caterpillar website at http://www.caterpillar.com/investors/events-and-presentations.

About Caterpillar:
For more than 90 years, Caterpillar Inc. has been making sustainable progress possible and driving positive change on every continent. Customers turn to Caterpillar to help them develop infrastructure, energy and natural resource assets. With 2017 sales and revenues of $45.462 billion, Caterpillar is the world's leading manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. The company principally operates through its three primary segments - Construction Industries, Resource Industries and Energy & Transportation - and also provides financing and related services through its Financial Products segment. For more information, visit caterpillar.com. To connect with us on social media, visit caterpillar.com/social-media.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this press release relate to future events and expectations and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as "believe," "estimate," "will be," "will," "would," "expect," "anticipate," "plan," "project," "intend," "could," "should" or other similar words or expressions often identify forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our outlook, projections, forecasts or trend descriptions. These statements do not guarantee future performance and speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements.

Caterpillar's actual results may differ materially from those described or implied in our forward-looking statements based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to: (i) global and regional economic conditions and economic conditions in the industries we serve; (ii) commodity price changes, material price increases, fluctuations in demand for our products or significant shortages of material; (iii) government monetary or fiscal policies; (iv) political and economic risks, commercial instability and events beyond our control in the countries in which we operate; (v) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position, including the imposition of new tariffs or changes in existing tariff rates; (vi) our ability to develop, produce and market quality products that meet our customers' needs; (vii) the impact of the highly competitive environment in which we operate on our sales and pricing; (viii) information technology security threats and computer crime; (ix) additional restructuring costs or a failure to realize anticipated savings or benefits from past or future cost reduction actions; (x) failure to realize all of the anticipated benefits from initiatives to increase our productivity, efficiency and cash flow and to reduce costs; (xi) inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers and our OEM customers; (xii) a failure to realize, or a delay in realizing, all of the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions, joint ventures or divestitures; (xiii) union disputes or other employee relations issues; (xiv) adverse effects of unexpected events including natural disasters; (xv) disruptions or volatility in global financial markets limiting our sources of liquidity or the liquidity of our customers, dealers and suppliers; (xvi) failure to maintain our credit ratings and potential resulting increases to our cost of borrowing and adverse effects on our cost of funds, liquidity, competitive position and access to capital markets; (xvii) our Financial Products segment's risks associated with the financial services industry; (xviii) changes in interest rates or market liquidity conditions; (xix) an increase in delinquencies, repossessions or net losses of Cat Financial's customers; (xx) currency fluctuations; (xxi) our or Cat Financial's compliance with financial and other restrictive covenants in debt agreements; (xxii) increased pension plan funding obligations; (xxiii) alleged or actual violations of trade or anti-corruption laws and regulations; (xxiv) additional tax expense or exposure, including the impact of U.S. tax reform; (xxv) significant legal proceedings, claims, lawsuits or government investigations; (xxvi) new regulations or changes in financial services regulations; (xxvii) compliance with environmental laws and regulations; and (xxviii) other factors described in more detail in Caterpillar's Forms 10-Q, 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Consolidated Sales and Revenues

Consolidated Sales and Revenues Comparison 
Third Quarter 2018 vs. Third Quarter 2017


To access this chart, go to http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html for the downloadable version of Caterpillar third-quarter 2018 earnings.

The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in Consolidated Sales and Revenues between the third quarter of 2017 (at left) and the third quarter of 2018 (at right). Items favorably impacting sales and revenues appear as upward stair steps with the corresponding dollar amounts above each bar, while items negatively impacting sales and revenues appear as downward stair steps with dollar amounts reflected in parentheses above each bar. Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company's board of directors and employees.

Total sales and revenues were $13.510 billion in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of $2.097 billion, or 18 percent, compared with $11.413 billion in the third quarter of 2017. The increase was due to higher sales volume driven by improved demand across the three primary segments, including an increase in dealer inventories. Favorable price realization, primarily in Resource Industries, also contributed to the sales improvement. The increase was partially offset by unfavorable currency impacts, primarily due to a weaker Australian dollar and Brazilian real.
































































Sales and Revenues by Geographic Region




North
America


Latin
America


EAME


Asia/Pacific


External Sales
and Revenues


Inter-Segment


Total Sales
and Revenues














(Millions of dollars)

$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg


$


% Chg




Third Quarter 2018































Construction Industries

$2,646


22%


$369


(5%)


$1,109


10%


$1,530


19%


$5,654


16%


$29


(9%)


$5,683


16%




Resource Industries

849


46%


427


30%


574


18%


688


46%


2,538


36%


100


16%


2,638


35%




Energy & Transportation

2,309


20%


330


10%


1,180


1%


758


34%


4,577


16%


978


12%


5,555


15%




All Other Segments

15


(50%)


-


(100%)


4


(69%)


18


50%


37


(34%)


76


(15%)


113


(22%)




Corporate Items and Eliminations

(40)




1




(5)




1




(43)




(1,183)




(1,226)






Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$5,779


24%


$1,127


11%


$2,862


7%


$2,995


28%


$12,763


19%


-


-


$12,763


19%



































Financial Products Segment

$559


10%


$68


6%


$101


(8%)


$117


30%


$845


9%


-


-


$845


9%




Corporate Items and Eliminations

(62)




(12)




(6)




(18)




(98)




-




(98)






Financial Products Revenues

$497


8%


$56


(5%)


$95


(10%)


$99


30%


$747


7%


-


-


$747


7%



































Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$6,276


22%


$1,183


10%


$2,957


6%


$3,094


28%


$13,510


18%


-


-


$13,510


18%



































Third Quarter 2017































Construction Industries

$2,165




$390




$1,008




$1,291




$4,854




$32




$4,886






Resource Industries

581




329




488




472




1,870




86




1,956






Energy & Transportation

1,928




300




1,166




567




3,961




877




4,838






All Other Segments

30




1




13




12




56




89




145






Corporate Items and Eliminations

(25)




(1)




(2)




-




(28)




(1,084)




(1,112)






Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$4,679




$1,019




$2,673




$2,342




$10,713




-




$10,713





































Financial Products Segment

$510




$64




$110




$90




$774




-




$774






Corporate Items and Eliminations

(51)




(5)




(4)




(14)




(74)




-




(74)






Financial Products Revenues

$459




$59




$106




$76




$700




-




$700





































Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$5,138




$1,078




$2,779




$2,418




$11,413




-




$11,413



































































 



































Sales and Revenues by Segment

















Third
Quarter 2017


Sales Volume


Price Realization


Currency


Inter-

Segment /

Other


Third

Quarter 2018


$
Change


% Change











(Millions of dollars)









Construction Industries

$                  4,886


$             815


$                   20


$     (35)


$                            (3)


$                  5,683


$   797


16%


Resource Industries

1,956


579


112


(23)


14


2,638


682


35%


Energy & Transportation

4,838


628


25


(37)


101


5,555


717


15%


All Other Segments

145


(18)


(1)


-


(13)


113


(32)


(22%)


Corporate Items and Eliminations

(1,112)


(13)


(1)


(1)


(99)


(1,226)


(114)





















Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$                 10,713


$          1,991


$                  155


$     (96)


$                             -


$                 12,763


$ 2,050


19%



















Financial Products Segment

$                     774


$                 -


$                      -


$          -


$                           71


$                     845


$     71


9%


Corporate Items and Eliminations

(74)


-


-


-


(24)


(98)


(24)




Financial Products Revenues

$                     700


$                 -


$                      -


$          -


$                           47


$                     747


$     47


7%



















Consolidated Sales and Revenues

$                 11,413


$          1,991


$                  155


$      (96)


$                           47


$                 13,510


$ 2,097


18%




































Consolidated Operating Profit

Consolidated Operating Profit Comparison 
Third Quarter 2018 vs. Third Quarter 2017


To access this chart, go to http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html for the downloadable version of Caterpillar third-quarter 2018 earnings.

The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in Consolidated Operating Profit between the third quarter of 2017 (at left) and the third quarter of 2018 (at right). Items favorably impacting operating profit appear as upward stair steps with the corresponding dollar amounts above each bar, while items negatively impacting operating profit appear as downward stair steps with dollar amounts reflected in parentheses above each bar. Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company's board of directors and employees. The bar entitled Other includes consolidating adjustments and Machinery, Energy & Transportation other operating (income) expenses.

Operating profit for the third quarter of 2018 was $2.135 billion, compared to $1.509 billion in the third quarter of 2017. The increase of $626 million was mostly due to higher sales volume and favorable price realization.

Manufacturing costs were higher due to increased material and freight costs. Material costs were higher primarily due to increases in steel prices and tariffs. Freight costs were unfavorable primarily due to supply chain inefficiencies as the industry continues to respond to strong global demand. Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) and research and development (R&D) expenses increased primarily due to investments aligned with the company's strategic growth initiatives.






















Profit (Loss) by Segment

Third Quarter
2018


Third Quarter
2017


$
Change


%
Change









(Millions of dollars)






Construction Industries

$                  1,058


$                     884


$   174


20%



Resource Industries

414


229


185


81%



Energy & Transportation

973


743


230


31%



All Other Segments

(10)


5


(15)


  n/a



Corporate Items and Eliminations

(371)


(422)


51





Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$                  2,064


$                  1,439


$   625


43%













Financial Products Segment

$                     201


$                     185


$     16


9%



Corporate Items and Eliminations

(30)


(37)


7





Financial Products

$                     171


$                     148


$     23


16%



Consolidating Adjustments

(100)


(78)


(22)















Consolidated Operating Profit

$                  2,135


$                  1,509


$   626


41%






















Other Profit/Loss Items

  • Other income/expense in the third quarter of 2018 was income of $102 million, compared with income of $132 million in the third quarter of 2017. The unfavorable change was primarily a result of higher currency translation and hedging net losses.
  • The provision for income taxes in the third quarter of 2018 reflected an estimated annual tax rate of 24 percent, compared to 32 percent in the third quarter of 2017, excluding the discrete items discussed in the following paragraph. The decrease was primarily due to the reduction in the U.S. corporate tax rate beginning January 1, 2018, along with other changes in the geographic mix of profits from a tax perspective.

    The provision for income taxes in the third quarter of 2018 included a $95 million net benefit to adjust deferred tax balances. In addition, a discrete tax benefit of $3 million was recorded in the third quarter of 2018, compared to $18 million in the third quarter of 2017, for the settlement of stock-based compensation awards with associated tax deductions in excess of cumulative U.S. GAAP compensation expense.

Global Workforce

The global workforce increased about 8,200 from the end of the third quarter of 2017, primarily due to higher production volumes.



September 30



2018


2017


Increase

Full-time employment


103,000


96,700


6,300

Flexible workforce


20,100


18,200


1,900

Total


123,100


114,900


8,200








Geographic summary







U.S. workforce


53,400


49,700


3,700

Non-U.S. workforce


69,700


65,200


4,500

Total


123,100


114,900


8,200

 

CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES


















































(Millions of dollars)

Third Quarter

2017










Third Quarter

2018







Segment Sales


















Sales

Volume


Price

Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment



$
Change


%
 Change





















Total Sales

$4,886


$815


$20


($35)


($3)


$5,683


$797


16%





















Sales by Geographic Region




































Third Quarter

2018


Third Quarter

2017


$
Change


%
Change










North America

$2,646


$2,165


$481


22%











Latin America

369


390


(21)


(5%)











EAME

1,109


1,008


101


10%











Asia/Pacific

1,530


1,291


239


19%











External Sales

$5,654


$4,854


$800


16%











Inter-segment

29


32


(3)


(9%)











Total Sales

$5,683


$4,886


$797


16%





























Segment Profit



















Third Quarter
2018


Third Quarter

2017



Change


%
Change










Segment Profit

$1,058


$884


$174


20%











Segment Profit Margin

18.6%


18.1%


 0.5 pts






























`





































Construction Industries' total sales were $5.683 billion in the third quarter of 2018, compared with $4.886 billion in the third quarter of 2017. The increase was mostly due to higher sales volume for construction equipment.

Sales increased in all regions except Latin America.

  • In North America, the sales increase was mostly due to higher demand for new equipment, primarily to support oil and gas activities, including pipelines, and non-residential building construction activities.
  • Construction activities remained weak in Latin America.
  • Sales increased in EAME as infrastructure and building construction activities drove higher demand across several countries in the region.
  • Sales in Asia/Pacific were higher across the region, with the most significant impact from improved demand in China, including an increase in dealer inventories from low levels, stemming from increased non-residential building construction and infrastructure activities.

Construction Industries' profit was $1.058 billion in the third quarter of 2018, compared with $884 million in the third quarter of 2017. The increase in profit was a result of higher sales volume, partially offset by higher manufacturing costs. Manufacturing costs were higher primarily due to increased material and freight costs.

RESOURCE INDUSTRIES



















































(Millions of dollars)

Third Quarter

2017










Third Quarter
2018







Segment Sales


















Sales
Volume


Price
Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment



$
Change


%
 Change





















Total Sales

$1,956


$579


$112


($23)


$14


$2,638


$682


35%





















Sales by Geographic Region




































Third Quarter

2018


Third Quarter

2017


$
Change


%
Change










North America

$849


$581


$268


46%











Latin America

427


329


98


30%











EAME

574


488


86


18%











Asia/Pacific

688


472


216


46%











External Sales

$2,538


$1,870


$668


36%











Inter-segment

100


86


14


16%











Total Sales

$2,638


$1,956


$682


35%





























Segment Profit



















Third Quarter
2018


Third Quarter

2017



Change


%
Change










Segment Profit

$414


$229


$185


81%











Segment Profit Margin

15.7%


11.7%


 4.0 pts






























`



















Resource Industries' total sales were $2.638 billion in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of $682 million from the third quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher demand for both mining and heavy construction equipment. Commodity market fundamentals remained positive, contributing to higher mining equipment sales. In addition, increased sales to heavy construction and quarry and aggregate customers were driven by positive global economic growth. Resource Industries' customers globally continue to focus on improving the productivity and efficiency of existing machine assets, thereby extending equipment life cycles and lowering operating costs. Rebuild, overhaul and maintenance activity remains strong, resulting in higher aftermarket parts sales. Favorable price realization also contributed to the sales improvement.

Resource Industries' profit was $414 million in the third quarter of 2018, compared with $229 million in the third quarter of 2017. The improvement was mostly due to higher sales volume and favorable price realization. The increase was partially offset by higher manufacturing costs, including freight and material costs, and increased SG&A/R&D expenses primarily due to investments aligned with strategic growth initiatives.

ENERGY & TRANSPORTATION
















































(Millions of dollars)

Third Quarter

2017










Third Quarter

2018






Segment Sales

















Sales
Volume


Price

Realization


Currency


Inter-
Segment



$
Change


%
 Change



















Total Sales

$4,838


$628


$25


($37)


$101


$5,555


$717


15%



















Sales by Application


































Third Quarter

2018


Third Quarter
2017


$
Change


%
Change









Oil and Gas

$1,362


$1,065


$297


28%










Power Generation

1,102


898


204


23%










Industrial

863


885


(22)


(2%)










Transportation

1,250


1,113


137


12%










External Sales

$4,577


$3,961


$616


16%










Inter-segment

978


877


101


12%










Total Sales

$5,555


$4,838


$717


15%



























Segment Profit


















Third Quarter
2018


Third Quarter
2017



Change


%
Change









Segment Profit

$973


$743


$230


31%










Segment Profit Margin

17.5%


15.4%


 2.1 pts














































Energy & Transportation's total sales were $5.555 billion in the third quarter of 2018, compared with $4.838 billion in the third quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher sales volume across all applications except Industrial.

  • Oil and Gas – Sales increased due to higher demand in North America for well servicing and gas compression applications. Higher energy prices and growth in U.S. onshore oil and gas drove increased sales for reciprocating engines.
  • Power Generation – Sales improved across all regions, with the largest increases in North America and Asia/Pacific primarily for reciprocating engine applications, including data centers and power plants, and for aftermarket parts.
  • Industrial – Sales were lower in EAME primarily due to economic uncertainty in a few countries in the Middle East, partially offset by slightly higher sales in Asia/Pacific and North America.
  • Transportation – Sales were higher primarily due to rail services, driven by acquisitions in Asia/Pacific and EAME, and increased rail traffic in North America.

Energy & Transportation's profit was $973 million in the third quarter of 2018, compared with $743 million in the third quarter of 2017. The improvement was mostly due to higher sales volume. The increase was partially offset by higher manufacturing costs, including freight costs, and increased SG&A/R&D expenses primarily due to investments aligned with strategic growth initiatives.

FINANCIAL PRODUCTS SEGMENT























(Millions of dollars)










Revenues by Geographic Region


















Third Quarter
2018


Third Quarter
2017


$
Change


%
Change


North America

$559


$510


$49


10%



Latin America

68


64


4


6%



EAME

101


110


(9)


(8%)



Asia/Pacific

117


90


27


30%



Total

$845


$774


$71


9%













Segment Profit











Third Quarter
2018


Third Quarter
2017



Change


%
Change


Segment Profit

$201


$185


$16


9%













Financial Products' segment revenues were $845 million in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of $71 million, or 9 percent, from the third quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to higher average financing rates and higher average earning assets in North America and Asia/Pacific as well as a favorable impact from returned or repossessed equipment. These favorable impacts were partially offset by lower intercompany lending activity in North America, lower average earning assets in Latin America and lower average financing rates in Europe.

Financial Products' segment profit was $201 million in the third quarter of 2018, compared with $185 million in the third quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to a favorable impact from returned or repossessed equipment, higher average earning assets and an increase in net yield on average earning assets. This was partially offset by an unfavorable impact from available for sale securities in Insurance Services.

At the end of the third quarter of 2018, past dues at Cat Financial were 3.47 percent, compared with 2.73 percent at the end of the third quarter of 2017. The increase in past dues was primarily driven by the Cat Power Finance portfolio. Write-offs, net of recoveries, in the third quarter of 2018 were $40 million, compared with $47 million in the third quarter of 2017.

As of September 30, 2018, Cat Financial's allowance for credit losses totaled $416 million, or 1.49 percent of finance receivables, compared with $416 million, or 1.48 percent of finance receivables at June 30, 2018. The allowance for credit losses at December 31, 2017, was $365 million, or 1.33 percent of finance receivables.

Corporate Items and Eliminations

Expense for corporate items and eliminations was $401 million in the third quarter of 2018, a decrease of $58 million from the third quarter of 2017, primarily due to methodology differences and lower corporate costs. Restructuring costs were $110 million in the third quarter of 2018, compared to $90 million in the third quarter of 2017.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Q1:   

Can you discuss changes in dealer inventories during the third quarter of 2018?



A:     

Dealer machine and engine inventories increased about $800 million during the third quarter of 2018, compared to an increase of about $200 million during the third quarter of 2017. The favorable change impacted sales for the three primary segments about equally. During the first nine months of 2018, dealer machine and engine inventories increased about $2.1 billion, compared to an increase of about $100 million during the first nine months of 2017. We believe the increase in dealer inventories is reflective of current end-user demand.



Q2:   

Can you discuss changes to your order backlog by segment?



A:    

At the end of the third quarter of 2018, the order backlog was $17.3 billion, about $400 million lower than the second quarter of 2018, with decreases across the three primary segments.




The order backlog increased about $1.9 billion from the end of the third quarter of 2017, with increases across the three primary segments.



Q3:  

Can you comment on expense related to your 2018 short-term incentive compensation plans and the impact on the 2018 outlook?



A:       

Short-term incentive compensation expense is directly related to financial and operational performance, measured against targets set annually. Third-quarter 2018 expense was about $350 million, compared to third-quarter 2017 expense of about $400 million.




For the full year of 2018, across the current outlook range, short-term incentive compensation expense is expected to be about $1.4 billion, nearly the same as 2017.



Q4:   

Can you provide more information on the adjustment to deferred tax balances made during the third quarter of 2018?



A:       

The net tax benefit of $95 million includes a $154 million reduction to the provisionally estimated charge recognized during the fourth quarter of 2017 due to the enactment of U.S. tax reform legislation, partially offset by a $59 million adjustment to the valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets for prior years. The $154 million benefit revises the estimated impact of the write-down of U.S. net deferred tax assets to reflect the reduction in the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent. This benefit primarily related to the decision to make an additional discretionary pension contribution of $1.0 billion to U.S. pension plans in the third quarter of 2018, treated as deductible on the 2017 U.S. tax return.



Q5:   

What was the impact of recently imposed tariffs on material costs in the third quarter of 2018?



A:      

The impact of recently imposed tariffs was about $40 million in the third quarter of 2018. For the full year of 2018, we expect the impact of recently imposed tariffs will be at the low end of the previously provided range of $100 million to $200 million.



Q6:   

Sales and revenues for the first nine months of 2018 were up 24 percent. Is this significant ramp in demand impacting availability?



A:     

The sharp increase in demand has led to supply chain challenges across the industry. Although the company is making efforts to improve material flows, constraints remain for some parts and components that are impacting lead times and availability.



Q7:    

What price action are you anticipating for 2019?



A:      

In the third quarter of 2018, we notified our dealers of an upcoming price action of 1 to 4 percent worldwide on machines and engines with exceptions on specific products and regions. This price action will be effective in January 2019, and is a result of current industry factors and general economic conditions.



Q8:    

Do you expect to exclude restructuring costs from adjusted profit per share in 2019?



A:       

On September 24, 2015, we announced a significant restructuring program expected to be completed by the end of 2018. Although we expect restructuring to continue as part of ongoing business activities, restructuring costs should decline in 2019, and we do not plan to exclude restructuring costs from adjusted profit per share in 2019.

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

1.

Adjusted Profit Per Share - Profit per share excluding restructuring costs for 2018 and 2017. For 2018, adjusted profit per share also excludes a net tax benefit to adjust deferred tax balances.

2.

All Other Segments - Primarily includes activities such as: business strategy, product management and development, manufacturing of filters and fluids, undercarriage, ground engaging tools, fluid transfer products, precision seals, rubber sealing and connecting components primarily for Cat® products; parts distribution; integrated logistics solutions, distribution services responsible for dealer development and administration including a wholly owned dealer in Japan, dealer portfolio management and ensuring the most efficient and effective distribution of machines, engines and parts; digital investments for new customer and dealer solutions that integrate data analytics with state-of-the-art digital technologies while transforming the buying experience.

3.

Consolidating Adjustments - Elimination of transactions between Machinery, Energy & Transportation and Financial Products.

4.

Construction Industries - A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using machinery in infrastructure, forestry and building construction applications. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support. The product portfolio includes asphalt pavers, backhoe loaders, compactors, cold planers, compact track and multi-terrain loaders, mini, small, medium and large track excavators, forestry excavators, feller bunchers, harvesters, knuckleboom loaders, motor graders, pipelayers, road reclaimers, site prep tractors, skidders, skid steer loaders, telehandlers, small and medium track-type tractors, track-type loaders, utility vehicles, wheel excavators, compact, small and medium wheel loaders and related parts and work tools.

5.

Corporate Items and Eliminations - Includes restructuring costs; corporate-level expenses; timing differences, as some expenses are reported in segment profit on a cash basis; methodology differences between segment and consolidated external reporting; and inter-segment eliminations.

6.

Currency - With respect to sales and revenues, currency represents the translation impact on sales resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates versus the U.S. dollar. With respect to operating profit, currency represents the net translation impact on sales and operating costs resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates versus the U.S. dollar. Currency only includes the impact on sales and operating profit for the Machinery, Energy & Transportation lines of business excluding restructuring costs; currency impacts on Financial Products' revenues and operating profit are included in the Financial Products' portions of the respective analyses. With respect to other income/expense, currency represents the effects of forward and option contracts entered into by the company to reduce the risk of fluctuations in exchange rates (hedging) and the net effect of changes in foreign currency exchange rates on our foreign currency assets and liabilities for consolidated results (translation).

7.

EAME - A geographic region including Europe, Africa, the Middle East and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

8.

Earning Assets - Assets consisting primarily of total finance receivables net of unearned income, plus equipment on operating leases, less accumulated depreciation at Cat Financial.

9.

Energy & Transportation - A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using reciprocating engines, turbines, diesel-electric locomotives and related parts across industries serving Oil and Gas, Power Generation, Industrial and Transportation applications, including marine and rail-related businesses. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support of turbine machinery and integrated systems and solutions and turbine-related services, reciprocating engine-powered generator sets, integrated systems used in the electric power generation industry, reciprocating engines and integrated systems and solutions for the marine and oil and gas industries; reciprocating engines supplied to the industrial industry as well as Cat machinery; the remanufacturing of Cat engines and components and remanufacturing services for other companies; the business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, remanufacturing, leasing and service of diesel-electric locomotives and components and other rail-related products and services and product support of on-highway vocational trucks for North America.

10.

Financial Products Segment - Provides financing alternatives to customers and dealers around the world for Caterpillar products, as well as financing for vehicles, power generation facilities and marine vessels that, in most cases, incorporate Caterpillar products. Financing plans include operating and finance leases, installment sale contracts, working capital loans and wholesale financing plans. The segment also provides insurance and risk management products and services that help customers and dealers manage their business risk. Insurance and risk management products offered include physical damage insurance, inventory protection plans, extended service coverage for machines and engines, and dealer property and casualty insurance. The various forms of financing, insurance and risk management products offered to customers and dealers help support the purchase and lease of our equipment. The segment also earns revenues from Machinery, Energy & Transportation, but the related costs are not allocated to operating segments. Financial Products segment profit is determined on a pretax basis and includes other income/expense items.

11.

Latin America - A geographic region including Central and South American countries and Mexico.

12.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) - Represents the aggregate total of Construction Industries, Resource Industries, Energy & Transportation, All Other Segments and related corporate items and eliminations.

13.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation Other Operating (Income) Expenses - Comprised primarily of gains/losses on disposal of long-lived assets, gains/losses on divestitures and legal settlements and accruals. Restructuring costs classified as other operating expenses on the Results of Operations are presented separately on the Operating Profit Comparison.

14.

Manufacturing Costs - Manufacturing costs exclude the impacts of currency and restructuring costs (see definition below) and represent the volume-adjusted change for variable costs and the absolute dollar change for period manufacturing costs. Variable manufacturing costs are defined as having a direct relationship with the volume of production. This includes material costs, direct labor and other costs that vary directly with production volume such as freight, power to operate machines and supplies that are consumed in the manufacturing process. Period manufacturing costs support production but are defined as generally not having a direct relationship to short-term changes in volume. Examples include machinery and equipment repair, depreciation on manufacturing assets, facility support, procurement, factory scheduling, manufacturing planning and operations management.

15.

Pension and Other Postemployment Benefit (OPEB) - The company's defined-benefit pension and postretirement benefit plans.

16.

Price Realization - The impact of net price changes excluding currency and new product introductions. Price realization includes geographic mix of sales, which is the impact of changes in the relative weighting of sales prices between geographic regions.

17.

Resource Industries - A segment primarily responsible for supporting customers using machinery in mining, quarry and aggregates, waste and material handling applications. Responsibilities include business strategy, product design, product management and development, manufacturing, marketing and sales and product support. The product portfolio includes large track-type tractors, large mining trucks, hard rock vehicles, longwall miners, electric rope shovels, draglines, hydraulic shovels, rotary drills, large wheel loaders, off-highway trucks, articulated trucks, wheel tractor scrapers, wheel dozers, landfill compactors, soil compactors, hard rock continuous mining systems, select work tools, machinery components, electronics and control systems and related parts. In addition to equipment, Resource Industries also develops and sells technology products and services to provide customers fleet management, equipment management analytics and autonomous machine capabilities. Resource Industries also manages areas that provide services to other parts of the company, including integrated manufacturing and research and development.

18.

Restructuring Costs - Primarily costs for employee separation, long-lived asset impairments and contract terminations. These costs are included in Other operating (income) expenses except for defined-benefit plan curtailment losses and special termination benefits, which are included in Other income (expense). Restructuring costs also include other exit-related costs primarily for accelerated depreciation, inventory write-downs, equipment relocation and project management costs and LIFO inventory decrement benefits from inventory liquidations at closed facilities, all of which are primarily included in Cost of goods sold.

19.

Sales Volume - With respect to sales and revenues, sales volume represents the impact of changes in the quantities sold for Machinery, Energy & Transportation as well as the incremental sales impact of new product introductions, including emissions-related product updates. With respect to operating profit, sales volume represents the impact of changes in the quantities sold for Machinery, Energy & Transportation combined with product mix as well as the net operating profit impact of new product introductions, including emissions-related product updates. Product mix represents the net operating profit impact of changes in the relative weighting of Machinery, Energy & Transportation sales with respect to total sales. The impact of sales volume on segment profit includes inter-segment sales.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

The following definitions are provided for the non-GAAP financial measures used in this report. These non-GAAP financial measures have no standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to the calculation of similar measures for other companies. Management does not intend these items to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related GAAP measures.

Adjusted Profit Per Share

The company believes it is important to separately quantify the profit impact of two significant items in order for the company's results to be meaningful to readers. These items consist of restructuring costs, which are incurred in the current year to generate longer-term benefits, and a net tax benefit to adjust deferred tax balances in the third quarter of 2018. The company does not consider these items indicative of earnings from ongoing business activities and believes the non-GAAP measure provides investors with useful perspective on underlying business results and trends and aids with assessing the company's period-over-period results.

Reconciliations of adjusted profit per share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, diluted profit per share, are as follows:






























Third Quarter


2018 Outlook







2017


2018


Previous 1


Current 2





Profit per share

$1.77


$2.88


$10.50-$11.50


$10.65-$11.65





Per share restructuring costs3

$0.18


$0.14


$0.50


$0.51





Per share deferred tax balance adjustment

-


($0.16)


-


($0.16)





Adjusted profit per share

$1.95


$2.86


$11.00-$12.00


$11.00-$12.00
































1 2018 profit per share outlook range as of July 30, 2018.


2 2018 profit per share outlook range as of October 23, 2018.


3 At estimated annual tax rate based on full-year outlook for per share restructuring costs at statutory tax rates.  2018 at estimated annual tax rate of 24 percent. Third-quarter 2017 at estimated annual rate of 20 percent.  Third-quarter 2017 included an unfavorable interim adjustment of $0.06 per share resulting from the difference in the estimated annual tax rate for consolidated reporting of 32 percent and the estimated annual tax rate for profit per share excluding restructuring costs, gain on sale of equity investment and discrete items of 29 percent.

Machinery, Energy & Transportation

Caterpillar defines Machinery, Energy & Transportation as it is presented in the supplemental data as Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis. Machinery, Energy & Transportation information relates to the design, manufacture and marketing of Caterpillar products. Financial Products' information relates to the financing to customers and dealers for the purchase and lease of Caterpillar and other equipment. The nature of these businesses is different, especially with regard to the financial position and cash flow items. Caterpillar management utilizes this presentation internally to highlight these differences. The company also believes this presentation will assist readers in understanding Caterpillar's business. Pages 14-22 reconcile Machinery, Energy & Transportation with Financial Products on the equity basis to Caterpillar Inc. consolidated financial information.

Caterpillar's latest financial results and outlook are also available via:

Telephone:  

800-228-7717 (Inside the United States and Canada)


858-764-9492 (Outside the United States and Canada)



Internet:   

http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors.html


http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html (live broadcast/replays of quarterly conference call)

 

Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in millions except per share data)




Three Months Ended


Nine Months Ended



September 30,


September 30,



2018


2017


2018


2017

Sales and revenues:





















Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation

$

12,763




$

10,713




$

38,192




$

30,482




Revenues of Financial Products


747





700





2,188





2,084




Total sales and revenues


13,510





11,413





40,380





32,566
























Operating costs:





















Cost of goods sold


9,022





7,678





27,010





22,295




Selling, general and administrative expenses


1,299





1,254





4,015





3,619




Research and development expenses


479





461





1,384





1,344




Interest expense of Financial Products


185





163





533





484




Other operating (income) expenses


390





348





1,028





1,751




Total operating costs


11,375





9,904





33,970





29,493
























Operating profit


2,135





1,509





6,410





3,073

























Interest expense excluding Financial Products


102





118





305





362




Other income (expense)


102





132





350





260
























Consolidated profit before taxes


2,135





1,523





6,455





2,971

























Provision (benefit) for income taxes


415





470





1,377





921




Profit of consolidated companies


1,720





1,053





5,078





2,050

























Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies


7





8





21





8























Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies


1,727





1,061





5,099





2,058























Less:  Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests






2









5























Profit 1

$

1,727




$

1,059




$

5,099




$

2,053












































Profit per common share

$

2.92




$

1.79




$

8.57




$

3.48
























Profit per common share – diluted 2

$

2.88




$

1.77




$

8.45




$

3.44
























Weighted-average common shares

outstanding (millions)





















- Basic


592.1





592.9





595.3





590.3




- Diluted2


599.4





600.1





603.8





596.5























Cash dividends declared per common share

$




$




$

1.64




$

1.55

























1

Profit attributable to common shareholders.

2

Diluted by assumed exercise of stock-based compensation awards using the treasury stock method. 


 


Caterpillar Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

(Unaudited)

(Millions of dollars)


September 30,


December 31,


2018


2017

Assets









Current assets: